Normally, when the dissolved Calcium and Magnesium ions in the water flow encounter changes in pressure, turbulence or increases in temperature they come out of solution and become suspended solids. The physical make-up of these Calcium (Ca) and Magnesium (Mg) crystals have a positive charge in their centre and negative charges on their tips and therefore attract other crystals and enmesh with each other building solid deposits of what we refer to as scale.
The patented Vulcan Impulse technology modifies the crystallisation process of the Calcium and Magnesium using the natural process of electrophoresis. The “sticky” crystals become smooth and rod-shaped with a positive and negative end, so can only join end to end making long strings and cannot form encrustations. These strings are then washed away with the water flow as a fine powder
It is important for the mono-crystal strings created by the Impulse variation to grow as long as possible as the larger the crystal sting, the longer it takes for the modified crystal to degenerate. In warm water, the “Vulcan Effect” can last up to seven days while in cold water the effect the start to revert after two days.
The Vulcan water treatment changes the balance between the scaling process and the resolving process. The mono crystals which can no longer form deposits results in the reduction of new scale build-up. The increased production of carbonic acid is now able to deal with any newly formed scale and the excess can now work on existing scale encrustations, slowly and carefully removing them the system.
As soon as scale encrustations are established, iron and oxidised iron particles imbed themselves into the scale – resulting in the scales encrustations predominantly brown colour.
Once the iron particles are firmly attached within the scale, it will react adversely with any metallic piping structure or fitting via chemical corrosion which can lead to pitting corrosion which is considered to be more dangerous than uniform corrosion damage because it is more difficult to detect, predict and design against.
Another very serious problem of scale build-up in our water system is how it can affect our health. Scale, although appearing to be smooth is actually microscopically honeycombed and provides an ideal host and breading ground to bacteria, cysts, pseudomonas and other micro-organisms. Spores of the various organisms while not considered dangerous in their dormant state, once able to breed can become potentially dangerous to our health, especially the most vulnerable in our society, the elderly and infants.
As soon as a Vulcan unit is installed and starts breaking down the breeding grounds (i.e. the scale encrustations) bacterial contamination is greatly reduced or even fully removed.
Any excess carbonic acid that is not required to:
Is then utilised to create a protective layer by coating the inside of metallic pipes with a metal carbonate layer (i.e. copper carbonate, iron carbonate etc.) to act against chemical attack, pitting corrosion or abrasive wear.